Praising God of the Imperfect World

Yael Eckstein  |  March 13, 2022

People praying in the streets to the Western Wall in Jerusalem during Yom Kippur

He brought out his people with rejoicing,
    his chosen ones with shouts of joy;
 he gave them the lands of the nations,
    and they fell heir to what others had toiled for—
 that they might keep his precepts
    and observe his laws.

Praise the LORD [Hallelu Yah]. — Psalm 105:43-45

In honor of my father, Fellowship Founder Rabbi Yechiel Eckstein, of blessed memory, and his lifework helping Christians understand the Jewish roots of their faith, I offer you one of his devotional teachings from the beloved Psalms.

Hallelujah is an amazing word. It spans continents, cultures, and languages. Hallelujah beautifully expresses our praise of the Lord. Yet, the only place that it actually appears in the Hebrew Bible is in the book of Psalms. Even then, it isn’t introduced until the last third of the book. It first appears in the last line of Psalm 104, or according to some, the first line of Psalm 105. And it is in Psalm 105, which concludes with “Hallelu Yah” that we can understand its full meaning.

What does hallelujah really mean?

Hallelujah is made up of two words — Hallelu, which means “praise,” and Yah, one of the biblical names for God. There are many names for God, and each one has a special meaning. What does the name Yah convey?  

The first time Yah appears was just after the children of Israel were attacked and defeated by the nation of Amalek. Amalek is the biblical embodiment of evil, and it represents all evil in the world. At the end of the battle, God said, “Because hands were lifted up againstthe throne of the LORD, the LORD will be at war against the Amalekites from generation to generation” (Exodus 17:16). The Hebrew name used here for LORD is Yah.

Praising God of the Imperfect World

The name Yah represents God in an imperfect world — a world where evil, as represented by Amalek, still abounds. It’s the world that we find ourselves in today. When we say hallelujah, we are praising the God of the imperfect world. But how can we praise God when we see evil? Psalm 105 has the answer.

Psalm 105 recalls events of the past. It focuses on the slavery of the Israelites in Egypt and the great Exodus that followed. The psalm recalls the wonders done in Egypt and the miracles done in the desert — water gushed from rocks and bread came from heaven. All of this culminated with the giving of the Torah and birth of the nation, Israel.

The psalm reveals a pattern. Bad things happened, but they ultimately led to good things. While it may not be readily apparent, evil has a purpose, and having faith means recognizing that God’s plan is divine. In this psalm, King David was able to look at evil and understand how everything was for the best. This is why he can exclaim hallelujah. David praised God of the imperfect world because he knew that it was God who allows evil to exist because ultimately that leads to a more perfect world.

Hallelujah reminds us to see the big picture. It reminds us that evil is temporary, but goodness lasts forever. Let us remember that even as evil continues to exist in this world, it, too, serves a purpose in God’s imperfect world. Let us bless God who brings perfection out of imperfection.


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