Question 1 The site of Israel’s national cemetery, this place is named for Theodor _____.
Theodor Herzl is known as the father of modern Zionism, having founded the World Zionist Organization and promoted the formation of the Jewish state.
Question 2 Also a major figure in Israel’s history, reviving the Jewish people’s language, the father of Modern Hebrew was:
Eliezer Ben-Yehuda was a Jewish lexicographer and newspaperman whose work reviving Hebrew to a spoken and literary language helped unite the world’s Jewry.
Question 3 The Israeli Prime Minister who shared the Nobel Peace Prize for signing the 1979 peace treaty with Egypt was:
Menachem Begin shared the Nobel Prize with Egyptian President Anwar Sadat following the Camp David Accords the year before, the crowning achievement that also saw him found the Likud party and win election as Israel’s 6th Prime Minister.
Question 4 This Israeli Prime Minister also won the Nobel Peace Prize — in 1994 — a year before he was assassinated at a rally in Tel Aviv:
Yitzhak Rabin served as Israel’s Prime Minister twice, from 1974–1977 and from 1992 until his death in 1995.
Question 5 David Ben-Gurion was not only the first Prime Minister of the Jewish state, but also had this named after him:
Since 1973 visitors to the Jewish state have arrived at Ben Gurion Airport (once called Lod Airport), named after Israel’s founding father.
Israel Defense Forces (IDF) headquarters
Knesset (Israeli parliament) building
Question 6 Before she became Israel’s fourth Prime Minister (and only woman yet to hold the office), Golda Meir was a schoolteacher in this city:
Born in 1898 in Kiev, Golda Meir’s family moved to Milwaukee in 1905. It was there that Meir first embraced Zionism as a young schoolteacher. Four years after getting married, Meir and her husband made aliyah (immigrated to the Holy Land) in 1921.
Question 7 Known for his eye-patch, IDF hero Moshe Dayan was also famous for leading the capture of the Holy City during this war:
Losing his eye — after being shot by a Nazi-aligned French Vichy sniper in 1941 — did not stop Moshe Dayan from a celebrated military career, the highlight of which was regaining Jerusalem’s Old City for Israel in 1967.
Yom Kippur War
Israeli War of Independence
Suez Cisis of1956
Question 8 Although he did not want his creation named for him, an Israeli with the last name of Gal invented this firearm, adopted in 1951 by the IDF:
Uziel “Uzi” Gal developed the Uzi submachine gun, for which he was the first person decorated with the Israel Security Award, given to him by Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion in 1958. (Decades later, Gal also helped create the MP9, although this gun was not named for him).
Thompson submachine gun
Uzi submachine gun
Question 9 Yonatan “Yoni” Netanyahu, brother of current PM Benjamin Netanyahu, was killed while leading the 1976 raid to rescue hostages in this African nation:
After Palestinian and German terrorists hijacked an Air France flight and rerouted it to Entebbe, Uganda, Yoni Netanyahu led the daring mission to free the hostages on July 4, 1976. Tragically, Yoni was killed during the raid, but the Israelis were able to safely rescue more than 100 people.
Question 10 The Israeli actor Topol is best known for his role as Tevye in this musical of stage and screen:
The Israeli actor Chaim Topol, billed simply by his last name, is best known by audiences for playing Tevye the poor dairyman, the star of Fiddler on the Roof, both on Broadway and the silver screen.
The Music Man
Fiddler On the Roof
West Side Story
The Sound of Music
Question 11 Israeli human rights activist and dissident Natan Sharansky was famously released in 1986 on the Glienicke Bridge between these two cities:
A chess prodigy as a child, Sharansky grew up to be an activist and outspoken opponent of the Soviet Union. Jailed for his actions, Sharansky served eight years in a communist labor camp before being released on the bridge between East and West Germany.
Moscow and Vladivostok
Jerusalem and Tel Aviv
East and West Berlin
London and Paris
Question 12 This Academy Award-winner is not only a friend of Israel, but was born Neta-Lee Hershlag in Jerusalem:
Although she grew up in the U.S., Natalie Portman was born to Jewish parents — an American mother and an Israeli father — in the Holy City in 1981, years before she won an Oscar for her role in Black Swan.
Question 13 Michael Arad is an Israeli-American architect best known for designing this:
Before he became a celebrated architect tasked with designing the memorial that would replace the World Trade Center after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, Michael Arad served in the IDF as part of the Golani Brigade’s commando unit.
Vietnam Veterans Memorial
Flight 93 National Memorial
Crazy Horse Memorial
World Trade Center Memorial
Question 14 Famed Israeli-American musician and conductor Itzhak Perlman is known for being a virtuoso on this instrument:
Recovering from polio, which he contracted as a child, Perlman is one of the world’s greatest violinists, having graced stages worldwide during his half-century-long career.
Question 15 Before he became Israel’s 11th Prime Minister, Ariel Sharon was nicknamed “The King of Israel” by the Israeli people for his brilliant military leadership in this location:
Ariel Sharon served as Israel’s 11th Prime Minister, from 2001 until he suffered a stroke in 2006. But long before his political service, Sharon was an Israeli general who, among other achievements, battled the Egyptian Army during both the Six-Day and Yom Kippur Wars.