The hearts of the people
cry out to the Lord.
You walls of Daughter Zion,
let your tears flow like a river
day and night;
give yourself no relief,
your eyes no rest. — Lamentations 2:18
At sundown, July 21, Jews around the world will commemorate Tisha B’Av, a time of mourning that marks the many tragedies that befell the Jewish people throughout history on this particular date. Yet from this time of sorrow comes a ray of hope. This is one of 12 devotions exploring the depths of tragedy, and what we can do to transform darkness into light. To learn more about Tisha B’Av, download a copy of our free Bible Study.
Tisha B’Av, the ninth day of the month of Av — marks the darkest, most sorrowful day of the Jewish calendar. It was on this day that the First Temple was destroyed in 586 B.C.E. and the Jewish people exiled to Babylon. Ironically, coincidentally, or providentially — however you choose to view it — the Romans destroyed the Second Temple on this very same day in 70 C.E.
Throughout the course of Jewish history, this day has been marked by other tragedies — the final revolt against the Romans was crushed in 135 C.E.; the expulsion of the Jews from Spain was decreed in 1492; and in 1942, on this day, the Nazis began deporting Jews from Poland’s Warsaw Ghetto to the death camps.
Tisha B'Av has come to embody all the suffering that the Jewish people have endured over the centuries.
During the three weeks leading up to Tisha B’Av, Jews refrain from eating meat, drinking wine, or wearing new clothes. No celebrations, such as weddings, are allowed during this time. And on the day itself, which begins with a fast, we spend sitting on stools, or the floor, in the synagogue reading from the book of Lamentations, Jeremiah’s heart-wrenching lament after the destruction of the Temple and Jerusalem.
The various customs and laws surrounding this observance are designed to create within us the same kind of solemn mood experienced by someone mourning the death of a close family member. We are to vicariously feel the depth of grief and sadness that has marked this day throughout history.
In Jerusalem, thousands go to the Western Wall to pray and read Lamentations. My wife and I will join hundreds others in a place overlooking the Western Wall and the Old City, and we’ll pray and read together. There is a real sense of community, of shared history in being together on that day.
And I believe we gain strength in our own faith and are encouraged to look toward the future with hope by being in community. We remember the words of Jeremiah, also found in Lamentations, which speak to a brighter future because of these comforting words: “Yet this I call to mind and therefore I have hope: Because of the LORD’s great love we are not consumed, for his compassions never fail. They are new every morning; great is your faithfulness” (Lamentations 3:21–23).
We, as a people, are reminded once again on Tisha B’Av, that although our beloved Israel remains under the constant threat of war and destruction, we should not despair. God has delivered His people in the past, He will do so again, I believe, with the help and support of our Christian friends.
Learn more about the darkest day on the Jewish calendar in this free issue of our Bible study series, Limmud (“study” in Hebrew), “Tisha B’Av: A Time to Weep.”
With prayers for shalom, peace,
Rabbi Yechiel Eckstein
Founder and President