A kibbutz is an Israeli communal settlement, usually on a farm. These communities are often dedicated to mutual assistance and social justice, and more than 250 exist in Israel today.
But the kibbutz movement has been around since the turn of the last century, and we love the story of one such community that formed in the fall of 1945 in the most surprising spot: the home of Julius Streicher, who published the Nazi newspaper Der Stürmer.
To wit: while Streicher was being convicted and sentenced to death for crimes against humanity at Nuremberg, Jews were literally learning how to farm at his house.
Remarkably, Kibbutz Nili, as it was known, was one of 35 kibbutzim that formed in postwar Germany to train Jews for agricultural work in Palestine.
The first of these mini-kibbutzim was Kibbutz Buchenwald, founded in June, 1945, by survivors of none other than the Buchenwald concentration camp—Jews who, while inmates, had dreamed about establishing such a place.