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Contents of Ancient Dead Sea Scroll Finally Revealed

Though portions of a 1,500-year-old scroll were discovered 45 years ago at Ein Gedi, on the Dead Sea’s western shore, its contents have only recently been discovered. That’s because portions of the scroll were completely burnt and illegible until new advanced technologies have allowed scientists and researchers to finally read the ancient words.The text, it turns out, contains verses from the beginning of the biblical book of Leviticus, making this the first time an archaeological excavation has unearthed a Torah scroll in a synagogue, especially inside a Holy Ark.The extraordinary find, presented at a press conference Monday, was the conclusion of efforts during the last year that brought the Biblical verses back to life after state of the art and advanced technologies preserved and documented the Dead Sea scrolls.The scroll of the first chapter of Leviticus, was written in Hebrew and was dated by Carbon 14 analysis to the late sixth–century CE, making it the most ancient scroll from the five books of the Hebrew Bible to be found since the Dead Sea scrolls, most of which are ascribed to the end of the Second Temple period (first century BCE-first century CE).The Israel Antiquities Authority Israel’s Merkel Technologies Company last year cooperated to perform high-resolution 3-D scanning of some Dead Sea Scrolls fragments and phylactery (tefillin) cases by means of a Micro-CT scanner.


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