1 (¼-oz/7-gram) packet instant yeast (about 2¼ tsp)
¼ cup (51 grams) plus 2 tsp (9 grams) granulated sugar, divided
⅔ cup (158 grams) warm water, between 85° and 95°F
3¾ cups (532 grams) bread flour, plus more for dusting
3 large eggs, divided
3 large egg yolks
¼ cup (54 grams) canola or any mild flavored oil
2 tsp (8 grams) kosher salt
2 tsp water
18 to 20 gingersnap cookies
⅓ cup (113 grams) apricot jam or preserves
1¼ tsp (3 grams) roasted ground cinnamon
¾ tsp (2 grams) roasted ground cardamom
3-inch (3-ounce) piece fresh ginger, peeled and grated finely (about 3 Tbsp)
⅛ tsp ground allspice
6 to 10 scrapes fresh nutmeg
6 Tbsp apple butter
Prepare the dough: In the bowl of a stand mixer fitted with a dough hook, combine the yeast, 2 tsp of the sugar, and the ⅔ cup warm water. Mix to combine. Let stand for 2-3 minutes, until the yeast starts to foam.
Add 1 ¾ cups of flour to the yeast mixture and mix to combine.
In a mixing bowl, whisk the remaining sugar, 2 of the whole eggs, the egg yolks, oil, and salt together until combined. Add this to the yeast and flour mixture and mix at low speed until thoroughly incorporated, about 1 minute. Add the remaining 1¾ cups flour, and once fully incorporated, and knead at medium speed for 6-7 minutes. The dough should be smooth, soft, and slightly sticky.
Transfer the dough to a large bowl and cover with plastic wrap and a damp kitchen towel and refrigerate for 8 hours or overnight.
When the dough is chilled, remove it from the refrigerator. Line a 12- by 18-inch rimmed baking sheet with parchment paper or a nonstick silicone pad and set aside. Preheat the oven to 350°F.
Make an egg wash by whisking the remaining egg and the water in small bowl and set aside.
To make the filling, place the gingersnaps in the bowl of a food processor and process for 15 to 20 seconds, until finely ground. (You will have about 1 cup of crumbs.) Add the apricot jam, cinnamon, cardamom, ginger, allspice, and nutmeg and process for 10 to 20 seconds, until it has the consistency of a paste. Set aside.
Lightly flour a work surface and a rolling pin. Turn the dough out onto the work surface and divide it into 3 equal pieces (about 330 grams each). Cover 2 of the pieces in plastic wrap and set aside. On the work surface, roll the remaining piece of dough into a rough 10-inch square. It should be about ⅛ inch in thickness. Spray a silicone spatula with nonstick vegetable oil spray and use it to spread about ⅓ cup of the filling across the dough, and then spread 2 Tbsp of apple butter on top, leaving a ½-inch border uncovered on the side furthest from you. Use a pastry brush to brush a small amount of the egg wash over the uncovered edge.
Use a pastry scraper or a spatula to help you lift up the filled edge of the dough and roll it up into a tube, jelly roll-style, as tightly as you can, toward the exposed edge. Pinch the seam closed with your fingertips. Gently roll the tube back and forth over the work surface until it spreads lengthwise to about 12 inches long.
Cover the first tube with plastic wrap and set aside while you repeat with the remaining dough and filling, working with one piece of dough at a time.
Slash the tubes: Line up the 3 rolled, filled tubes on the prepared baking sheet. With a very sharp, long knife, make a lengthwise slash through each tube, cutting halfway down the depth of the tube, but making sure not to cut all the way through to the bottom.
Roughly measure the center point of the tubes (about 6 inches in from the ends). Working outward from that point, braid the tubes together, crossing one of the outer tubes gently over the middle one. Then cross the other outer tube up and over the new middle one. Repeat, working your way down to the end. Half of the tube should be braided. Then turn the parchment paper around and braid the other side, from the center point to the end, so that the entire loaf is braided.
Spray a piece of plastic wrap with nonstick vegetable oil spray and cover the bread with it, sprayed-side down. Allow the bread to rise for 40 minutes.
Uncover and brush liberally and completely with the egg wash.
Bake for 50 to 60 minutes, until the crust is a warm brown and crusty, and an instant-read thermometer inserted into the bottom of the loaf reads about 200°F. If you tap it gently on the bottom, it should sound hollow.
Cool in the pan for 10 minutes. Then transfer to a rack to cool completely before serving.