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Yom HaShoah: Never Forget-Never Again

Holocaust Remembrance Day, or Yom HaShoah, is a day set aside to memorialize the six million Jews murdered during the Nazi reign of terror. It is a solemn day and one of the most important holidays of the Jewish year as we remember those who died and help others understand the immensity of this horrible event.

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Question 1 Yom HaShoah is Israel’s day to commemorate the Shoah, or

Yom HaShoah is Israel’s Holocaust Remembrance Day, which commemorates the six million Jews killed during the Holocaust, or Shoah in Hebrew.

The Exodus The Holocaust The reunification of Jerusalem The destruction of the Holy Temples

Question 2 Yom HaShoah was originally planned to be held on the 14th day of the Jewish month of Nisan. However, that day fell before which Jewish holiday?

Before originally being signed into law by Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion, Yom HaShoah was to be held on the 14th day of the Jewish month of Nisan. However, this day is right before Pesach (or Passover), which begins on the 15th of Nisan.

Yom Kippur Sukkot Rosh Hashanah Pesach

Question 3 The full name of the Yom HaShoah is Yom Hazikaron laShoah ve-laG'vurah, which stands for “Holocaust and ______” Remembrance Day. Which is the correct title below?

This day also honors the countless Jews who heroically resisted their Nazi tormentors either through passive resistance – retaining their human dignity in the most unbearable conditions – or by active resistance in fighting the Nazis in the ghettos or by joining underground forces.

Holocaust and Heroism Day Holocaust and Sorrow Day Holocaust and Survivors Day Holocaust and Victims Day

Question 4 As stated before, Yom HaShoah was signed into law by Israel’s first Prime Minister, David Ben-Gurion. What year did this happen?

In 1953, Ben-Gurion and Israeli President Yitzhak Ben-Zvi signed Holocaust Remembrance Day into law.

1947 1949 1951 1953

Question 5 The originally planned date of Yom HaShoah was meant to fall on the anniversary of which event of April 19, 1943?

As the occupying Nazi forces prepared to liquidate the remaining Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto in 1943, those left refused to surrender. From April 19 until May 16, the Germans burned the Ghetto, killing 13,000 Jews in what was the single biggest revolt by Jews during the war. Yom HaShoah was originally planned to fall on the anniversary of the revolt, which the Nazis deviously planned at the beginning of Passover.

Siege of Stalingrad Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Battle of the Bulge Liberation of Dachau

Question 6 In Poland, Yom HaShoah is marked each year with the March of the Living at which historical Holocaust site?

Each year, thousands of participants from across the globe take part in a silent march from Auschwitz to Birkenau, the largest of the Nazis’ concentration camp complexes.

Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp Krakow Ghetto Treblinka concentration camp Warsaw Ghetto

Question 7 Where does Israel’s official Yom HaShoah ceremony take place?

The official state ceremony begins at sundown in Warsaw Ghetto Square at Yad Vashem in Jerusalem, which is Israel’s official Holocaust memorial. During the ceremony, the Israeli flag is lowered to half mast, the Prime Minister and President give speeches, and Holocaust survivors light six torches for the six million Jews murdered during the Holocaust.

Western Wall Yad Vashem Temple Mount Knesset

Question 8 The Mourner’s Kaddish is also a part of Yom HaShoah ceremonies. This is:

Although the Mourner’s Kaddish is often referred to as the Jewish prayer for the dead, it does not mention death at all, but instead praises God. It is said at all prayer services – including those for Yom HaShoah.

A Psalm of praise A Torah reading Prayer for the dead Lighting of candles

Question 9 What marks the beginning of a two-minute period of silence at 10:00 a.m. on Yom HaShoah?

On the morning of Yom HaShoah, the entire Jewish state comes to a halt for two minutes when air raid sirens sound. Everything and everyone in Israel – including traffic – stops for two minutes to solemnly reflect on the millions of lives lost during the Shoah.

Blowing of the shofar Air raid sirens IAF flyover 21-gun salute by IDF (Israel Defence Forces)

Question 10 Eight days after Yom HaShoah is this Israeli holiday:

On the 5th of the month of Iyar on the Jewish calendar, eight days after Yom HaShoah, Israel commemorates her Independence Day.

Yom HaZikaron Jerusalem Day Aliyah Day Yom HaAtzmaut

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