Question 1 The Jewish calendar is based on what?
While the Gregorian calendar much of the world uses does not consider the lunar cycles, the Jewish calendar uses all three of the above phenomena (a. a day, b. a month, and c. a year).
The rotation of the earth on its axis
The revolution of the moon around the earth
The revolution of the earth around the sun
All of the above
Question 2 When does the Jewish day begin?
Genesis 1 tells us “there was evening, and there was morning” to define the day that God created. And so Judaism measures the day this same way — from evening (sundown) to sundown the following day. Shabbat and all Jewish holidays officially begin and end at sundown.
Question 3 So when does each Jewish month begin?
Each month on the Jewish calendar starts when the first sliver of moon can be seen. This was done in Bible times by observation. When two reliable eyewitnesses observed the new moon, messengers were sent out to tell people of the rosh chodesh, literally “head of the month” or first of the month. The New Moon, rosh chodesh, is celebrated at the start of each month as commanded in the Scriptures (Numbers 10:10, 28:14).
After 30 days
At a full moon
Every blood moon
At the new moon
Question 4 How are Jewish years numbered?
The year number on the Jewish calendar was arrived at by adding up the ages of the people in the Bible all the way back to Creation.
B.C. and A.D.
BCE and CE
From the time of creation
By scientific method
Question 5 What is the current year on the Jewish calendar?
By using the previously mentioned biblical calculation method, we are currently in the Jewish year of 5779.
Question 6 What is the Jewish New Year called?
Rosh Hashanah means, in Hebrew, “the head of the year.” On this day, which begins on the first day of the seventh month that is called Tishrei, the Jewish people wish one another a “sweet New Year” with apples and honey and blow the shofar.
Question 7 Wait…so if the Jewish New Year starts at the beginning of the seventh month, what is the first month of the Jewish calendar?
Nissan is the first month of the religious year, while Tishrei is the first month of the civil year. Nissan is both the month in which Passover is observed, as well as the traditional anniversary of the Creation of Adam and Eve.
Question 8 The names of the Jewish months were adopted during the time of which biblical figure?
While much of the Bible refers to months by number instead of by name, the names of the Jewish months were adopted during the time of Ezra, after the exiles had returned to the Holy Land from Babylon.
Question 9 Because the solar year is approximately 11 days longer than the lunar year, in order to keep holidays occurring in the correct season, what adjustment was made to the Jewish calendar?
The dates of Jewish holidays never change, so in order to keep the holidays occurring in the right season, an extra month is added every two to three years.
Dates of the holidays are changed to match the right season
An extra 11 days are added every other year
An extra month is added every two to three years
None of the above
Question 10 The Jewish “leap year” is called:
The Jewish "leap year" is called Shana Me’uberet, (pronounced shah-NAH meh-oo-BEH-reht), which literally means “pregnant year.” Kesidrah refers to the regular year.