Question 1 Jews consider the Sabbath as the culmination of the week
True. Jews refer to days in their proximity to the Sabbath: “first day toward the Sabbath,” “second day toward the Sabbath,” and so on.
Question 2 Who was the first to observe the Sabbath?
In Exodus 20:11, we read, “For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.
Question 3 What is unique about the commandment to observe the Sabbath compared from the other Ten Commandments?
Rabbi Eckstein teaches that the Shabbat is the only ritual mentioned in the Ten Commandments. In Exodus 20:8, the Lord commands, "Remember to observe the Sabbath day by keeping it holy."
It is the only commandment tied to a ritual.
It is the only commandment tied to a blessing.
It is the only commandment tied to a punishment.
It is the only commandment that is optional.
Question 4 How long are the Jewish people supposed to observe the Sabbath?
In Exodus 31:16, the Lord told Moses, "The people of Israel must keep the Sabbath day forever."
Until they reached the Promised Land.
Until they returned to the Land of Israel.
Until the Messianic Reign begins
Question 5 The Sabbath is personified in rabbinic literature as:
The above titles reveal the reverence for which the Jewish people have for his day.
A radiant bride.
A majestic queen
A heavenly queen
All of the above
None of the above.
Question 6 The Sabbath is the only part of God’s creative work that was deemed holy.
True. In Genesis 2:3, it says, “Then God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it he rested from all of the work of creating that he had done.”
Question 7 Before the Sabbath, at least two candles should be lit, representing:
Shamor, meaning keep, and zakhor, meaning remember, are the first two words of the commandments concerning Shabbat in Exodus 20:8 and Deuteronomy 5:12.
Night and day
Keeping and remembering
Resting and working
Good and evil
Question 8 Who is given primary responsibility for ushering in the Sabbath?
The woman is given the responsibility of lighting the Shabbat candles, although a man can do it if no woman is present.
Question 9 How many categories of “creative work” are prohibited on the Sabbath?
Among the 39 basic categories of “creative work” are prohibitions against kindling a fire (Exodus 35:3); ploughing, harvesting, and reaping (Exodus 34:21); baking and cooking (Exodus 16:22–23); and buying and selling (Nehemiah 13:15–17).
Question 10 The Sabbath concludes with the
The Maariv is the evening prayer service that marks the end of Shabbat. During that service, the havdalah, or separation ceremony is performed, in which Jews reaffirm their belief in the coming of Messiah, the redemption of the world, and their obligation to sanctify life and imbue it with holiness.