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Prophets and Prophecy

What was the role of prophecy in the Bible? How much do you know about the biblical prophets? Test your knowledge by taking our quiz!

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Question 1 In both the Jewish and Christian faiths, prophecy is ___ communicating with people.

The correct answer is God. Through prophecy, God can and does communicate with humanity. As the great rabbi Maimonides stated, “I believe with complete faith that God communicates with man through prophecy.” And as Apostle Peter wrote in the Christian Bible, “prophets, though human, spoke from God” (2 Peter 1:21).

Prophets God Religious leaders The poor

Question 2 Through the prophets, God spoke to a person or nation in order to _____.

The correct answer is all of the above. Although most people think prophecy is just about predicting the future, it is primarily God’s way of shaking people up, opening their eyes to the truth, and helping them see what they need to do.

Inspire Rebuke Predict the future All of the above

Question 3 Who, according to the Bible, was the greatest prophet of Israel?

The correct answer is Moses. After Moses’ death, we read that “no prophet has risen in Israel like Moses, whom the LORD knew face to face . . . no one has ever shown the mighty power or performed the awesome deeds that Moses did in the sight of all Israel” (Deuteronomy 34:10–11).

Hosea Moses Jeremiah Isaiah

Question 4 After Moses’ death, who took over as both the Israelites’ leader and prophet?

The correct answer is Joshua. Upon Moses’ death, “Joshua son of Nun was filled with the spirit of wisdom because Moses had laid his hands on him. So the Israelites listened to him and did what the LORD had commanded Moses” (Deuteronomy 34:9).

Aaron Elisha Joshua Caleb

Question 5 Which female prophet not only led the people of Israel, but also defeated the enemy general Sisera?

The correct answer is Deborah. The judge Deborah prophesied the Israelites’ victory – led by Barak and aided by God – when she announced, “Go! This is the day the LORD has given Sisera into your hands. Has not the LORD gone ahead of you?” (Judges 4:14).

Deborah Esther Miriam Ruth

Question 6 While the days of Moses, Joshua, and the judges seemed to be rich with communication from God to His people, these times did not last. During one such period without prophecy, which prophet – under the priest Eli – did God choose to once again speak prophecies to the people?

The correct answer is Samuel. Samuel’s mother left the boy with the priest of Shiloh, Eli, who cared for him during a time when “the word of the LORD was rare; there were not many visions” (1 Samuel 3:1). While still a boy, Samuel was called to a life of prophecy by God and “The LORD was with Samuel as he grew up, and he let none of Samuel’s words fall to the ground” (v. 19).

David Elijah Elisha Samuel

Question 7 Whose false prophets did the true prophet Elijah defeat?

The correct answer is Baal's. Atop Mount Carmel, Elijah laid down this challenge: “I am the only one of the LORD’s prophets left, but Baal has four hundred fifty prophets” (1 Kings 18:22). After Elijah – through God – proved victorious, “all the people saw this, they fell prostrate and cried, ‘The LORD—he is God! The LORD—he is God!” (v.39).

Xerxes' Pharaoah's Nebuchadnezzar's Baal's

Question 8 In chapter 58 of his book of prophecies, the prophet Isaiah instructs us to do which of these?

The correct answer is all of the above. Isaiah tells us “the kind of fasting I have chosen…to share your food with the hungry and to provide the poor wanderer with shelter—when you see the naked, to clothe them” (58:6-7).

Feed the hungry Shelter the poor Clothe the naked All of the above

Question 9 Isaiah was one of what we call the “major prophets.” Another of these men of God is famous for his “complaint.” Who was he?

The correct answer is Jeremiah. In chapter 20 of his book, we hear “Jeremiah’s Complaint,” in which the prophet says “his word is in my heart like a fire, a fire shut up in my bones. I am weary of holding it in; indeed, I cannot” (v. 9). Subsequently, Jeremiah inspired the term “jeremiad,” which means a lamentation or mournful complaint.

Jeremiah Ezekiel Daniel All of the above

Question 10 A contemporary of Isaiah, Amos spoke against the disparity between the wealthy and the poor. Before answering God’s call to be a prophet, Amos held what occupation?

The correct answer is shepherd. As Amos told the priest Amaziah, “I was neither a prophet nor the son of a prophet, but I was a shepherd, and I also took care of sycamore-fig trees. But the LORD took me from tending the flock and said to me, ‘Go, prophesy to my people Israel’” (Amos 7:14-15).

Fisherman Sea captain Shepherd Tax collector

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