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Prayer: The Work of Our Hearts

For Christians and Jews alike, prayer is our way to communicate with God — our gratitude for His many blessings, our confession of what we’ve done wrong, our praises, and our heartfelt needs. Find out what you know about prayer from the Bible and from Judaism with our short quiz.

Question 1 of :

Question 1 The Hebrew word for prayer is _____.

In Hebrew, the word tefilah means prayer. (The other words are also Hebrew; kadosh means “holy,” mitzvah means “commandment,” and tallit is a prayer shawl.)

Kadosh Mitzvah Tallit Tefilah

Question 2 The first recorded prayer in the Bible was said by _____.

When God told Abraham that He planned on destroying the wicked city of Sodom, Abraham prayed that the people might be saved.

Adam Eve Abraham Noah

Question 3 Abraham’s servant, who was tasked to find a wife for Isaac and who was the first person in the Bible to ask for God’s help outright in his prayer, was named _____.

A seemingly impossible task ahead of him, Eliezer turned to God and prayed, “LORD, God of my master Abraham, make me successful today . . .”

Eliezer Ebenezer Enoch Ezekiel

Question 4 God answered Eliezer’s prayer, leading Isaac to marry Rebekah. However, Isaac prayed for how many years before his wife was able to give birth?

Marrying Rebekah when he was 40 years old, “Isaac prayed to the LORD on behalf of his wife, because she was childless” (Genesis 25:21) for 19 years. At last, at the age of 60, Isaac’s prayers were answered when Rebekah gave birth to twin boys, Esau and Jacob.

7 12 19 40

Question 5 With his “sword and bow” (Genesis 48:22), by which he meant his “prayers and supplications,” Jacob took which city from the Amorites?

Jacob's prayers and supplications to God were the true instruments that led to Simeon and Levi capturing the city of Shechem, which was bequeathed to Joseph and is where he, Jacob's 11th son, is buried.

Babylon Elam Ur Shechem

Question 6 Which biblical king prayed to dedicate the First Temple in Jerusalem?

While dedicating the First Temple, King Solomon offered the following beautiful prayer that revolutionized the power of our prayers: “May your eyes be open toward this temple night and day, this place of which you said, ‘My Name shall be there,’ so that you will hear the prayer your servant prays toward this place” (1 Kings 8:29).

Saul David Solomon Jehoshaphat

Question 7 Another Israelite king, Jehoshaphat, prayed to God for success, as well. He needed help for the Israelites to defeat the armies of all nations except the _____.

King Jehoshaphat’s Israelite army was being threatened by a coalition, as “the Moabites and Ammonites with some of the Meunites came to wage war” (2 Chronicles 20:1). Jehoshaphat prayed to God, “We do not know what to do, but our eyes are on you” (v.12), and God caused the enemy armies to fight against one another instead.

Philistines Moabites Ammonites Meunites

Question 8 The Hebrew word berakhah means _____.

Berakhot, or the plural of berakhah, are the blessings said to God. There are three types of berakhot: those recited before enjoying a material pleasure, those recited before performing a commandment, and those recited at special times.

Thanksgiving Blessing Heavenly Father Temple

Question 9 One of the most important Jewish prayers is the Birkat HaMazon, which is recited _____ meals.

In addition to various blessings over food before meals, the Birkat HaMazon is recited after eating, a commandment from Deuteronomy: “When you have eaten and are satisfied, praise the LORD your God for the good land he has given you” (8:10).

Before During After All of the above

Question 10 In Hebrew, minyan means:

Jewish prayer is ordinarily a group activity done with a group of at least ten people called a minyan.

Prayer group To kneel Benediction Altar

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