Question 1 The holiday of Hanukkah is also known as _____.
Hanukkah is the Jewish holiday known as the Festival of Lights, celebrated when the days are short and the nights are long.
The Jewish New Year
The Day of Atonement
The Festival of Lights
New Year of the Trees
Question 2 Hanukkah traditionally occurs near the same time as this other holiday:
As stated in the first question, the Festival of Lights is celebrated during the darkest time of the year, most often around the same time as Christmas, though sometimes (as in 2013) as early as Thanksgiving, depending on where it falls on the Jewish calendar. In 2016, the first full day of Hanukkah fell on Christmas Day – the fifth time that has happened in the past 100 years.
Question 3 The observance of Hanukkah is commanded in the biblical book of _____.
Hanukkah is the only Jewish holiday not commanded in Scripture, though we do have the Book of Maccabees, which was never made part of the Bible. Hanukkah, however, is mentioned in the Christian Bible, in John 10:22, as the “Festival of Dedication”.
None of the above
Question 4 Speaking of Maccabees, they played a large role in the story of Hanukkah. They were a small group of Jews under the control and oppression of which group of people?
In the second century BCE, the Greeks controlled and oppressed the Jews in Israel, outlawing the most essential Jewish practices and encouraging Jews to assimilate into Greek culture.
Question 5 The Greeks won over many Jews during this period. These assimilated Jews came to be known as _____.
Jews who left behind their true God and His teachings and Jewish traditions were known as Hellenists and became some of the worst enemies of Bible-believing Jews.
Question 6 The Maccabees began a years-long war against the Greeks after the Greeks demanded that Jews sacrifice what to the gods of Greece?
The Greeks demanded that the Jews sacrifice a pig to their pagan gods, which led to a long fight between the tiny group of pious Maccabees and the impressive legions of Greek warriors.
Question 7 The Maccabees’ leader was _____.
The Maccabees were a family of priests, led by their father Mattityahu (whose name means “the gift of God”). Mattityahu led his band in guerilla warfare, defeating the far more powerful Greek armies.
Question 8 The Maccabees arrived at the Temple to find it desecrated and in shambles. The name Hanukkah means _____, which is what they did to this holiest of sites.
Hanukkah means “dedication,” which is what the Maccabees held after they cleaned up the Temple and removed the Greeks’ idols from it. The name also recalls the Maccabees’ devoted dedication to God.
Question 9 The _____ is lit on Hanukkah to celebrate the miracle of the oil.
Upon restoring and re-dedicating the Temple, the Maccabees lit the menorah, the Temple lampstand. When they could only find one jar of pure oil, they lit the menorah anyway and miraculously, the oil lasted for eight days until more arrived.
Question 10 The Hanukkah menorah holds _____ candles.
While the traditional menorah has seven candles, the Hanukkah menorah instead has nine. Eight of the candles symbolize the days the oil miraculously held out, while the shamash is the center candle used to light the others.