Question 1 The Hebrew word “aliyah” means _____.
In Hebrew, the word aliyah means “ascent” or “the act of going up.”
None of the above
Question 2 Which hero from the Bible is the word aliyah most closely associated with?
At the end of the very first book of the Bible, Joseph left Egypt and “went up to bury his father” Jacob in what would be the Promised Land (Genesis 50:7). This “going up” to Jerusalem was an early act of aliyah.
Question 3 So if, in Hebrew, aliyah means going up, what do we mean when we use the word today?
When we use the term aliyah, we’re still referring to Jewish people going up to Jerusalem. But today we mean it in the literal sense of the world’s dispersed and exiled Jews immigrating to make new lives in their biblical and historic homeland, Israel.
Question 4 What is the term used for the exile and dispersion of the Jewish people?
The word “diaspora” refers to the dispersed Jews who have been expelled from their land, first after the Assyrian exile in 722 BCE, followed by the Babylonian captivity in 586 BCE. After 70 years of exile in Babylon, the Jews were allowed to return to their homeland, only to suffer another expulsion by the Romans in 70 CE.
Question 5 While Jews have maintained a presence in the Holy Land continuously since biblical times, the majority were expelled forcibly over millennia by various ruling powers. When did the Jewish people start returning in large numbers to the land God promised them?
The First Aliyah of the modern Zionist movement began in 1882 and lasted until 1903, with tens of thousands of Jews immigrating from Russia. The Second Aliyah lasted 1904-1914, and was also made up of Russian Jews, escaping the pogroms in their country. The Third Aliyah occurred in the wake of WWI, lasting from 1919 to 1923. And the Fourth Aliyah (1924-1929) found 82,000 Jews fleeing anti-Semitism in Poland and Hungary.
Question 6 The Fifth Aliyah lasted from 1929 to 1939. What caused it?
The rise of the Nazis in Germany – and throughout Europe – caused a quarter of a million Jews to make aliyah, with 174,000 reaching the Holy Land between 1933 and 1936.
All of the above
Question 7 Since the establishment of the modern state of Israel in 1948, how many Jews have made aliyah?
Since Israel won her independence in 1948, more than 3 million Jews have returned to the land God promised them.
Question 8 When did The Fellowship begin helping Jews make aliyah to Israel On Wings of Eagles?
The Fellowship’s On Wings of Eagles program began in 1992, a year after the fall of the Soviet Union opened the door to freedom for Soviet Jews who had suffered bitterly under Communist rule.
Question 9 What other countries besides the former Soviet Union have Fellowship Freedom Flights flown from, carrying Jews making aliyah?
The Fellowship has brought Jews to Israel from 26 different countries, from all four corners of the earth.
All of the above
Question 10 How many Jewish people have made aliyah with The Fellowship?
In the past 25 years, The Fellowship – thanks to our faithful and generous supporters – have given hope for the future to nearly three-quarters of a million Jews in need.